The use of economic resources effectively and efficiently

The use of economic resources effectively and efficiently
The company is an economic institution that aims to produce goods and services through the use of economic resources effectively and efficiently. Every company that runs a business always requires working capital. The working capital is used among others for the purchase of raw materials, fixed assets, payment of employee salaries and payment of other costs. Effective and efficient working capital management is crucial for the company's long-term growth and sustainability. If the company lacks working capital, it is likely that the company will lose revenue and profits. Companies that do not have sufficient working capital but cannot pay short-term obligations in time will face liquidity problems (Journal of Science Research).
B. PROBLEM FORMULATION 1. What is the meaning of Working Capital Management? 2. What are the concepts of Working Capital Management? 3. What is the significance and purpose of Working Capital Management? 4. What are the types of Working Capital? 5. What are the sources of Working Capital? 6. How is the working capital turnover? 7. How to determine the amount of working capital turnover? 8. Example about Working Capital? C. WRITING BENEFITS 1. Add insight into the Working Capital Management material 2. Adding the knowledge of writers, especially in the system of making paper
A. UNDERSTANDING OF WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT Working capital is defined as capital used to finance the company's daily operations, especially those that have a short time period. In other words, working capital is an investment that is invested in current assets or short-term assets, such as cash, banks, securities, receivables, inventories and other current assets. Whereas working capital management is a management of corporate investment in current assets. Which means how to manage investments in the company's current assets. As according to Weston and Brigham (1986) explained that working capital management is a company's investment in the short term, which includes cash, securities (securities), accounts receivable, and inventories.
B. CONCEPT OF WORKING CAPITAL Bambang Riyanto (1995) stated that working capital can be divided into 3 concepts, namely quantitative, qualitative and functional concepts. 1. Quantitative Concepts Working capital according to the quantitative concept describes the whole or the amount of current assets such as cash, marketable securities, accounts receivable inventory or the whole rather than the amount of current assets in which these current assets rotate once and can return to their original shape or the funds can be free again in a relative time short or short. This concept is usually called gross working capital. Based on the concept above, it can be concluded, that the concept only shows the amount of working capital used to carry out routine daily business operations, with no question of where the working capital is obtained, whether from long-term debt holders or long-term debt short. Large working capital does not necessarily describe a good security or margin of safety or a high level of security for short-term creditors. The large amount of working capital does not necessarily represent good company liquidity and does not necessarily represent a guarantee of the continuity of the company's operations in the next period.
2. Qualitative Concepts According to the qualitative concept of working capital is the difference between current assets and current debt. Based on this concept, working capital is a part of current assets that can really be used to finance company operations without waiting for liquidity. This concept is commonly referred to as net working capital. This definition is qualitative because it indicates the availability of current assets that are greater than current liabilities and shows the level of security for short-term creditors and ensures the continuity of operations in the future and the company's ability to obtain additional short-term collateral with current assets.
3. Functional Concepts Working capital according to this concept focuses on the function of the funds in generating funds or income from the company's main business. Every fund used in the company is intended to generate income. There are funds used in a particular accounting period that generate income in that period. Meanwhile, there are also those that are intended to produce in the following periods or in the future, for example buildings, machinery, office equipment or other fixed assets called future income. So working capital according to this concept is the funds used to generate income at this time in accordance with the main purpose of the establishment of the company, including cash, trade receivables. And so forth. While securities or securities and profit margins from receivables are potential working capital that will become working capital if the receivables are paid and the securities have been sold.
C. IMPORTANT MEANING AND OBJECTIVES OF WORKING CAPITAL MANAGEMENT The importance of working capital management for the company, especially for financial health and company performance is: 1. That the activities of a financial management are mostly spent in the operational activities of the company from time to time or in other words most of the time is allocated to take care of working capital. 2. Investments in current assets, change rapidly and often experience changes and tend to be volatile. 3. In practice it is often that more than half of the total assets are part of the total current assets, which is the company's working capital.
4. Especially for small companies working capital management is very important because investments in fixed assets can be suppressed by renting, but current investments in receivables and stocks cannot be avoided must be fulfilled immediately. 5. Especially for companies that are relatively small, the function of working capital management is very important. 6. There is a very close relationship between sales growth and working capital requirements. Then the goals of working capital management for the company are as follows: 1. Working capital is used to meet the company's liquidity needs, meaning that a company's liquidity is very dependent on working capital management. 2. With sufficient working capital the company has the ability to fulfill obligations on time. 3. Allows for companies to have sufficient preparations in order to meet the needs of their customers. 4. Allows the company to obtain additional funds from creditors, if its financial ratios meet conditions such as guaranteed liquidity.
5. Allows the company to provide credit terms that attract customers, with the capabilities they have. 6. To maximize the use of current assets to increase profits and sales. 7. The company is able to protect itself when there is a working capital crisis due to the fall in the value of current assets. D. TYPES OF WORKING CAPITAL According to WB. Taylor da Bambang Rianto (1995) Working capital is classified into several types, i.e. 1. Permanent Working Capital Permanent working capital is the working capital available to the company to carry out its functions, this working capital consists of: a. Primary working capital Primary working capital is the minimum amount of working capital that a company must have to maintain business continuity or working capital that is continuously needed for its business activities. b. Normal working capital Normal working capital is working capital needed for the normal production process.
2. Variable Working Capital Namely working capital whose amount varies according to changing circumstances, this working capital consists of: a. Seasonal Working Capital Changing working capital is caused by seasonal fluctuations. b. Cyclical Working Capital Changing working capital is caused by fluctuations in conjuncture. c. Emergency Working Capital Amounts of working capital change due to emergencies that were not previously known (for example labor strikes, floods, sudden economic changes).
E. SOURCE OF WORKING CAPITAL Source of funds for working capital can be obtained from a decrease in the amount of assets and an increase in liabilities. Here are some sources of working capital that can be used: 1. Company operating results 2. Benefits of selling securities 3. Selling of shares 4. Sale of fixed assets 5. Bond sales 6. Obtain a loan 7. Grant funds Specifically the source of working capital is divided into two types: 1. Permanent financing 2. Smooth financing Sources of working capital for current financing are used to finance variable working capital which usually consists of two sources: a. Capital from internal sources consists of: 1) Compilation 2) Obligations not yet due 3) Reserves and profits b. External capital: 1) Credit 2) Loans
F. WORKING CAPITAL rotation Working Capital is always operating or rotating within the company as long as the company concerned is in business. The working capital turnover period starts from the time when cash is invested in the components of working capital until when it returns to cash. According to Kasmir (2011: 182), which states that: Working capital turnover is one of the ratios to measure or assess the effectiveness of the company's working capital during a certain period. This means how much working capital revolves during one period or in one period. The shorter the period means the faster the turnover or the higher the turnover rate.
Working capital turnover is very important to see how much working capital the company uses to create sales so that later it can add to the company's financial coffers. Paying attention to working capital will enable the company to use its resources economically so that the danger of a financial crisis will be minimized. The following formula for calculating working capital turnover ratios. 1. If the value of sales rises, the ratio will be high. Similarly, if working capital falls. 2. Conversely, if sales fall, the ratio will also be low. Especially if working capital rises.

General Definition of Working Capital Management

General Definition of Working Capital Management
As quoted through the website study finance understanding working capital management is an accounting strategy that focuses on maintaining a balance between current assets and corporate liabilities. Working capital management involves the relationship between the company's short-term assets and their short-term liabilities. In this case concerns the management of inventory, cash, and accounts receivable. An efficient working capital management system often uses key performance ratios, such as working capital ratios, inventory turnover ratios and collection ratios. This ratio is useful to help identify areas that need focus in order to maintain liquidity and profitability. Various Types of Working Capital Management According to WB.
Taylor and Bambang Rianto (Journal Research) Working Capital that needs to be managed is classified into several types including permanent working capital, variable working capital, and emergency working capital. 1. Permanent Working Capital Permanent working capital is the working capital available to the company to carry out its functions. You could say this working capital is the core of every activity in the company. Permanent working capital is divided into two different types, namely: Primary Working Capital (Primary Working Capital): This working capital is the minimum amount of working capital that must exist in a company to maintain business continuity or working capital that is continuously needed for its business activities. Normal Working Capital: In the normal production process the company requires working capital that must always be there. This working capital is called normal working capital.
2. Variable Working Capital In this type of working capital owned by the company the amount varies according to changing circumstances. The cause of this change is usually due to external factors. There are two different types of forms in working capital, namely: Seasonal Working Capital: Seasonal working capital due to fluctuations in seasonality. For example fruit processed food producers who follow the fruit season or clothing manufacturers who follow the trend that is being favored. Cyclical Working Capital: Changes that occur in working capital are usually caused by fluctuations in conjuncture. So that the nature of working capital is like a cycle that continues to repeat like the influence of the Eid season on the price of chili and others. 3. Emergency Working Capital Unlike the variable working capital that can be estimated, the cause of changes in emergency working capital is not known in advance. Circumstances which include this emergency can be like labor strikes, floods, sudden economic changes and so forth. Working Capital Management Concepts In working capital management there are several concepts of working capital that are often used. This concept describes the funds that are rotated continuously so that the company's main operations can continue to run in accordance with company policy. In general the concept of working capital is divided into 3, namely: quantitative concepts, qualitative concepts, and functional concepts. The following is a brief explanation
1. Quantitative Concepts The quantitative concept states that working capital is all current assets. The main concern of this concept is how management suffers from the need for funds to finance the company's operations in the short term. This concept is often referred to as gross working capital. 2. Qualitative Concepts Qualitative concept, a concept that focuses on the quality of working capital. One way is to look at the difference between the amount of current assets and current liabilities. This concept is also called net working capital.
The advantage of this concept is the level of company liquidity will be seen. 3. Functional Concepts The functional concept, emphasizes the function of funds owned by the company in obtaining profits. That is, a number of funds owned and used by the company to increase corporate profits. Benefits of Working Capital Management When a company does not have enough working capital to cover its obligations, it can certainly lead to bankruptcy, liquidation of assets and so forth. So, it is very important for all businesses to have adequate management of working capital.
Now with an effective capital management system in addition to the problem of funds can be overcome, the company's revenue can also increase. That's a little about working capital management. Hopefully this will be useful enough for me and thank you very much. See you in the next article. If you have questions, criticisms or suggestions regarding this article, you can submit it via the comment box provided, and apologize for the shortcomings.

Definition of Working Capital

Definition of Working Capital
Working capital to working capital credit is part of financial management. Various definitions of working capital have been described in general and put forward by experts. Working capital is one of the asset elements that plays a significant role in the company. This is due to working capital as a fulfillment of budget requirements in carrying out company activities. In simple working capital is defined as investment in current assets for the company. Understanding Working Capital in General In general, effect of working capital management or Working Capital has the meaning of excess current assets in short-term liabilities (debts).
The excess is net working capital. Another definition states that working capital is capital that is needed in financing all activities so that the business is carried out based on the plans that have been made. Working capital in this case is capital that is not used for investment but rather for operational activities. In the balance sheet, the working capital formula is obtained by subtracting current assets from liabilities that need to be paid.
Examples of known working capital include short-term assets. The said short-term assets such as cash, securities, receivables and other current assets. In this case the work value is very dependent on current assets and immediate debt. Type of Working Capital There are two types of working capital proposed by Munawir (2010): The permanent part (fixed) which is the minimum amount that should be available so that the company can operate without financial problems. The number of work variables is variable with a number that depends on seasonal activities and needs other than ordinary activities. Working Capital Function Manulang (2005) states the role and function of work process, especially in companies engaged in industry.
Its functions are as follows: Continuity of continuity of operational activities Supporting company management in decision making Present information to short-term creditors about the level of corporate financial security All internal and external activities of the company are greatly influenced by the company's financial condition. Definition of Working Capital According to Experts Working capital is a company's investment in short-term assets such as cash or securities that are easily sold, inventory and receivables. While net working capital is a reduction in current assets with current debt. Eugene F. Brigham and Joel F. Houston Working capital is the sum of current assets. The current assets are gross working capital. This understanding is quantitative because the amount of funds used in short-term operating purposes
 The availability of working capital is highly dependent on the level of liquidity of current assets (cash, securities, inventories, and receivables) Jumingan (2006) Working capital is the amount of current assets on the company's balance sheet. The concept of net working capital is the reduction between current assets or current assets and current liabilities / current debt. So it is known that there is a net work load and gross work load. William H. Husband and James C. Dockerey The Concept of Working Capital Based on various previous notions there are three concepts of working capital. The three concepts are as follows: Quantitative Concepts Quantitative focus is on the quantum needed to meet the company's requirements for routine operations financing. In addition it shows the amount of funds that are in the target short-term operations
This concept states that work income is the amount of current assets. Qualitative concept Qualitative states the definition of working capital is the difference between current assets with short-term debt. The definition means the amount of current assets of the company owner or a long-term loan. Qualitative in essence focuses on work.
Functional Concepts This concept focuses on the function of existing funds to create profits from the company's core business. Working Capital Management Working capital management is management of current assets and liabilities. According to Muslich (2005) working capital tells related to the amount of investment carried out by the company on current assets and current debt claimed by the company. Besides that, another important thing is investment in goods receivables or liquid assets that are very sensitive at the level of Productivity and sales
 The Purpose of Working Capital Management Working capital management has several goals (Kashmir, 2012) that need to be known, namely: In order to fulfill profitability for the company The availability of work, the company will be able to pay obligations in accordance with the specified time If the financial ratio shows a positive trend, the company can get an injection of funds from creditors To optimize current assets in increasing sales and profits.
As protection if the working capital crisis occurs due to fluctuating current asset values Working Capital Turnover Working capital turnover is a ratio that is used in the measurement or evaluation of the level of effectiveness of work in a certain period. The ratio can be calculated through comparison of sales with work (average).

Reasons Why Being an Educated Woman is Mandatory?

Reasons Why Being an Educated Woman is Mandatory?
Women and education, these are certainly two things that often become an interesting conversation. How not, since decades ago the emancipation of women has been echoed by Kartini, so that later it was considered to be something important by some circles. However, in reality, in many cases women are still often left behind and seem to have a number of obstacles to be able to get the best, one of them in the field of education and the need for female education. Although now almost all educational institutions have provided equal opportunities for women to be able to pursue education as well as men, but not a few are also reluctant to do so.
Most women are still very satisfied with education that only finishes high school, or even so happy when they finish their bachelor's degree, only a few are taking master's and doctoral degrees, and of course the number for the last two levels of education is still very far below the number of men . Then, what exactly is the main barrier for women to pursue higher education? Education and Benefits for Women The low level of awareness of the importance of higher education for women, would certainly be unfortunate. Feeling unnecessary, not obliged, or even not really wanting are a number of reasons that are often brought up so that women often rule out education. This is just a number of reasons for women who are still single (not married).
Various other reasons are even more often heard from women who have been married, for example: busy taking care of children and husband, for what school / college are you going to (are already married), so that later only children who go to school (the mother does not have to) , do not need to go to college / school because they will not work either in an office. Even so, women must also try their best for their own lives and their families later, as well as men. For this reason, it is clear that higher education is very important for women, because this will greatly affect the quality of their lives in the future. Consider the following reasons, why education is very important for women: Women have the right to get the highest level of education
1. Able to Support His Own Life and also Others Women will become a housewife who has a great responsibility for the journey of the household. So many say women do not need to be highly educated just for this. However, this does not mean that women do not need a high education, although one day they will do all the housework after marriage later. It is precisely this great responsibility which then becomes a compulsory reason for women to pursue higher education, because the future of the household will be in his hands.
Men as the head of the household might become the backbone of the family, but it is women who generally become all-round figures and will handle many other things (outside the living) in the household itself. Like taking care and designing the future of children, where women will actually play more roles than men. Children will grow up in the hands of a woman, so it is important for women (mothers) who have children to have a good amount of knowledge in caring for their children. It takes some experience and also a good ability to take care of various things in the household, and this will be something easier if only women get a high and decent education before marriage.
2. Able to Follow the Development of the Age and Technology Whether a woman is going to work or just going to be a housewife, her abilities will certainly have to develop over time. Women who have higher education will be better equipped to deal with all technological developments and information that is happening. If not, then a number of obstacles may be encountered when carrying out his role as a career woman or even as a housewife. Not only that, if a woman cannot keep up with technological advances, it is likely that she will have difficulty controlling and doing the best things for her children.
Children will grow and develop according to the times with internet technology, without the existence of a proper supervision from their mother, because the mother herself also does not understand all of these developments well. If it's like this, not only himself, but the future of children also will not be organized properly, right? 3. Have a Brighter Career When a woman works and occupies a position, often various obstacles become obstacles for her in developing her career, one of which is her limited provision of education. Times have changed and women also have very broad opportunities for a career, but of course with the provision of education and also the ability to be equal or even better than men. It is very important for women to get a high level of education when going to work, because this will be one of the determinants in their future career development.
With adequate education, he will be better equipped to compete for various strategic positions in the company with men. Decent Education, for a Better Life For women, education is often a thing that is not so important and must be obtained. This kind of thinking is certainly wrong, considering that in this life women also play a very important role in the family. Provision of adequate education will certainly make women more ready and able to face various challenges, which will certainly bring a better life for themselves and others around them.

Assessed the trend of the contribution

Assessed the trend of the contribution
Officially granted permission from the Financial Services Authority, PT Education Investment Advisors (Education Advisors) as an independent investment advisory company has the ambition to provide access to investment information, assistance and appropriate education to the public at large. Co-Founder of Education Advisors in his press release in World, yesterday said, in addition to providing mentoring to investors, the presence of Education Advisors is also an effort of corporate entrepreneurs to support the government's focus on increasing financial inclusion in the World, including through investment.
"Investment education and socialization and mentoring which is an independent focus of Education, besides also going to take a digital technology-based approach, the roles of counsellors specifically millennial generation in our long-term plans, "he said. In addition, the presence of Education Advisors as an investment company is expected to encourage the growth of local investors in the capital market. Referring to the World Stock Exchange data, local investor ownership until May 2018 increased to around 52.21% of the market capitalization which reached 6,450 trillion.
Departing from this, Ari Adil, Co-Founder of Education Advisors, assessed the trend of the contribution of local investors in the capital market that began to increase must be accompanied by a good understanding of investment by investors. "Education Advisors themselves are based on the awareness of parafounders to become investment advisors who represent the interests of investors. Through the role of an independent investment advisor without being tied to any investment company, we hope to be able to maximize investment analysis from an investor's perspective, "he explained. Furthermore, despite an increase in local investor ownership in the World capital market, the data of the World Central Securities Depository shows, as of April 2018, the number of World residents who invest is still at a percentage of 0.5% or around 1.3 million people from the total 260 million people in the world. This is certainly also a role for Education Advisors to boost the growth of local investors.
Ari said, in the capital market law, investment advisor was explained as the party giving advice to other parties regarding the sale or purchase of securities. Investment advisors are required to be able to provide advice, make analysis and make reports to customers (investors). In the world itself, the role of investment advisors is not yet quite familiar in the capital market industry. For example, in Malaysia, investment advisors contribute 70% to mutual fund product offerings. In some countries such as America and China even the role of investment advisors is considered very important and able to contribute to the big decisions of investors.
"This is a challenge as well as an opportunity for Education, how can we develop the role of an independent investment advisor in the World so that in the future it can become a trend in the capital market industry," Ari said. In addition, the company also cooperates with the Financial Institution Pension Fund Association to address the information gap about investment. The Chairman of the Association, Abdul Rachman, admitted that at this time the challenge facing the  industry is ensuring how the industry is able to contribute to accelerating development in the World.
The collaboration with investment advisors, he said, is expected to be able to bridge the gap of limited access to information between pension fund managers and various investment products and instruments. Especially instruments that can help drive national economic growth. "Like infrastructure-based mutual fund based infrastructure, infrastructure-based securities investment collective contract  as well as others," Abdul said. The association currently consists of 24 members, including eight from banks and 16 from life insurance companies with total assets of around Rp 76.2 trillion.

Many countries are competing to build industries in the world

Many countries are competing to build industries in the world
Yesterday, it was unusual to cancel the increase in the price of gasoline. The government's intervention in canceling the increase in gasoline prices under Pertamina's authority was criticized. Director of the Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (INDEF) Enny Sri Hartati said the cancellation of the Pertamax price increase raised big questions. The credibility of the government is questionable. "Of course people do not expect fuel to rise. But yesterday's accident, Pertamina has issued a revoked, that is the government's credibility, "Enny said in a discussion on" Challenges and Opportunities in the Trade Sector.
According to him, the hausa migrant settlers in the trade and service sectors and community will ultimately accept whatever policies are implemented by the government, as long as the policies are carried out consistently. This cancellation, according to Enny, will be difficult to foster public confidence in the policies issued by the government. He is concerned, this step will affect public confidence in other policies issued by the government. "This has led to discussions of distrust of the government. Many countries are competing to build industries in the world, because the industry opportunities are huge. Supported by an abundant amount of natural and human resources. "Why do other countries including Japan want to invest in the world since 54 years ago?
We can ask, for sure he said the World has natural resources, and the number of people who become a large market, "said Minister of Trade Rachmat Gobel, in a discussion on 'Challenges and Opportunities in the Trade Sector. With that great opportunity, the World is a perfect country to become an industrial country. "Raw materials on the production side and the number of residents on the market are equally abundant. That's what makes other countries jealous of the world, "he continued. Unfortunately this opportunity actually for many years did not glance at the world nation itself. Since ancient times, the world has been enjoying consuming imported goods.
This condition has a chain effect, in which more business operators prefer to become traders, or importers. However, continued Gobel, the condition was not the end of everything. The government can still make improvements. "It's not enough to complain about the past. But how do we do something now to improve it, "he said. But to make improvements, the government needs support from the community. The intended support can be started, by giving confidence to the various government policies, especially in the fields of industry and trade.
"Why do I say that we need trust, because industry and trade cannot be built now, we will need tomorrow. But we must look at the long term, "he said. "When I was at the Chamber of Commerce (Chamber of Commerce and Industry), when I was a businessman, I once compiled a program that should be carried out in the next 5-10 years. How in 2030 the world can become a strong industrial country. At present I am trusted to be a minister, and I will carry out the plan that I once made, "he continued.
In addition to the wider community, Gobel invites entrepreneurs to not only complain about government policies but also contribute by making concrete steps into the production sector and not just playing in the trade sector. "If you become a businessman you only complain, why should you become an entrepreneur. You have to have to contribute, don't just want to be a trader, you can also produce. If the needs of the state itself can be met domestically, the world can become a strong country, "he concluded. (dna / dnl) Director of the Institute for Development of Economics and Finance (Indef), Enny Sri Hartati, expects the Minister of Trade (Trade Minister) Rahmat Gobel to make the trade sector the spearhead in building world economic growth.
The reason, according to him, with the stable world trade sector, then economic growth will definitely be stable. "The first is how we make the trade sector a provocator of economic growth. According to Enny also, to boost economic growth, the government must be able to communicate with the public in publicizing its work program. Thus, colleagues in other ministries and the public can understand correctly what is the main program of the government. The problem is, Enny believes that so far the Minister of Trade Rahmat Gobel is one of the ministers in the Working Cabinet who rarely shows up with his ideas to the public.
That is why the Ministry of Trade has been one of the highlights of its recent performance. "So far there have been several ministers, including Pak Rahmat himself, who have appeared less and therefore lacked communication with the public. After this, you have to communicate a lot. Because the breakthroughs from each ministry must be understood by all other parties, so that they can be understood by other ministries, "Enny said. Responding to the statement of the Director of Indef, Rahmat just smiled and defended himself. He stated that he was not the type of person who likes to talk, but rather as a type of worker. "I want to work more than talk.
Because there is no point in talking on, "Rahmat said. The President Must Make Perpres Controlling the Price of Basic Needs Expected to issue a presidential regulation (Perpres) on the price of basic commodities to control prices that tend to be wild. "We support the Perpres program so that when prices are difficult to control by the government, we can know that the mastermind is playing with prices and can be directly reported," said Deputy Chair of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) Yugi Prayanto in a discussion. He added that the rampant game of prices of staples by speculators caused the prices of basic necessities such as rice and sugar to be unstable and tend to be high. "The price game in the market has been very terrible, so this Presidential Decree Kadin is very supportive," he said. INDEF Director Enny Sri Hartati said that the economic mafia cannot be eradicated only by the issuance of a Perpres on controlling prices of basic commodities.
There must be institutional engineering that can be an instrument for controlling prices of basic commodities. "If there is a more serious idea from the government, the Bulog must now be dissolved, then the government can form a food security institution so that the government has instruments to stabilize prices," he concluded. (Ss) Press Logistics Costs, the Government Wants to Build 5,000 Markets Minister of Trade (Trade Minister) Rahmat Gobel acknowledged that it is difficult to reach every region in the world.
Therefore, the logistics costs for distributing various staples from one region or island to another, also becomes very expensive. In this connection, according to the Trade Minister, the government in the future, especially in the next five years, will build 5,000 markets to reduce the high costs. "Our logistics costs are indeed expensive. Therefore, in the next five years the government will build 5,000 markets, "Rahmat said, in a discussion.
In addition to reducing logistics costs, Rahmat also explained that the construction of a large number of these markets was to stabilize the price of basic needs, as well as to be able to meet the supply of primary needs. In addition, according to him, his party has also coordinated with the Ministry of Transportation to work together in supplying commodities from one island to another. "This is also to stabilize prices and supply basic needs. I have coordinated with the Minister of Transportation, so that we can use ships and trains at harvest time. That way, ships will travel to the regions, "he explained. Responding to this, the Deputy Chairman of the World Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin), Yugi Prayanto, said that the actual market number of 5,000 in five years was still very small. "I agree with the Minister's idea. But actually, 5,000 markets for five years are small, "said Yugi

Interpretation is an art that describes communication indirectly

Interpretation is an art that describes communication indirectly
In a Large Dictionary Language interpretation is interpreted as giving an impression, opinion, interpretation, or theoretical view of something. By definition, interpretation is only used as a method if needed. If an object, for example works of art, utterances, and so on, is quite clear in its meaning, then it will not contain interpretation elements anymore. The term interpretation can refer to the ongoing interpretation process or the results of that process. An interpretation can be part of a presentation or description of information that is changed, with the aim of adjusting a specific set of symbols. The information can be in the form of writing, drawing, mathematics, oral, and various other forms. Definition of Interpretation According to Experts understanding interpretation According to Kaelan (1998) interpretation is an art that describes communication indirectly, but the communication can be easily understood.
An Interpretation of Lancelot Oduwa, Interpretation is closely related to the range that must be achieved by the subject and at the same time also expressed again as an identity structure that exists in life, objectivity, and history. Interpretation is held to get a clearer and deeper understanding and knowledge. For example, an abstract painting that is difficult or even incomprehensible. The painting can be the object of interpretation, so that ordinary people are easy to find out the meaning contained in the painting. Interpretation can also be applied to statistical data such as population based on gender and average income in the community.
These data can be interpreted so that information can be known in the community. As explained above that what is meant by this interpretation depends on which side of the person interprets. So there are many interpretations of the same object but different results. One important factor in interpretation is the background of someone who will interpret, in which he must have a mature foundation of knowledge and experience so that the results of his interpretation can be justified. As someone in interpreting, of course there are conditions that must be met first, such as having to understand Arabic rules, interpretation, and also good behavior, faithful, honest, etc.
Definition of Interpretation in Law According to Soedjono Dirdjosisworo, the interpretation in law is to determine the meaning / meaning of a text and the sound of the article and the things related to it. Definition of Data Interpretation According to Mudji (2005) understanding of data in qualitative research is a description and expression that tries to dig up knowledge about a data or event through deeper thought. Definition of Interpretation in History According to Gilbert J. Garraghan the interpretation is divided into 5 types namely: Verbal interpretation. Psychological interpretation. Logical interpretation. Technical interpretation.
Factual interpretation. Interpretation in history is a form of historian's interpretation of history into a unified story that is harmonious and makes sense. Historical interpretation is subjective and is very dependent on the interpreter. Differences in interpretation that is common in historians is because of differences in background, mindset, motivation, and things that can influence it.
Definition of Interpretation in Music Hermeren (2001) interpretation framework can be in the form of history, rhythm, harmony, structure, tempo, shape, dynamics, and color of sound. interpretation in music is a process in finding what is desired by the composer and also as a form of expression and combining feelings, describing the social, historical, and psychological conditions of a musical work. Definition of Map Interpretation Map interpretation is an activity of reading maps by providing an interpretation or interpreting the contents of the map by using existing symbols such as geographic objects of lakes, roads, seas, rivers, mountains, and others.
Definition of Image Interpretation Interpretation in an image is an activity of studying images or aerial photographs with the aim of recognizing objects and symptoms and at the same time to assess how important the objects and symptoms mean by going through the stages of detection, identification and analysis. Understanding Short Story Interpretation Interpretation in a short story is an interpretation of whatever meaning is contained in a short story. In this case is the interpretation of the author's message, the relationship of the story with the facts of life that exist.
Interpretation of Anecdotal Content understanding interpretation Anecdotes are funny, interesting short stories that illustrate certain entertaining events. But anecdotes aren't just a joke. Keep in mind that the main purpose of an anecdote is not only to arouse the laughter of someone who is reading, but rather to reveal the truth more generally than the story itself. Sometimes anecdotes are also natural innuendos. In interpretation a deep interpretation is needed in order to be able to interpret, understand the lesson, and capture the content or wisdom contained in the anecdotal text story. There are several stages to understanding the text, namely: Read all texts. Understand the theme, background, plot, and characters.
The theme is the main story or rationale. Figure is a visible participant. The setting is the place of the event itself. The setting is divided into 3 namely: Background scene. Time setting. Cultural setting. Catch the silly, funny, or annoyed elements. Capture sentences or satire sentences. Anecdotal Text In a village, there lived a widow with one child. Today there is no visible puff of smoke in his kitchen. Hamdan is very hungry. He left home, who knows if there were people who were compassionate by giving food. But no one was compassionate, and in the end Hamdan got the long mind of stealing a stingy durian from a neighbor.
And he came home carrying a durian. Seeing the arrival of his son who brought his mother's durian so happy, his mother also praised Hamdan's actions. Sepontan said .. "Next time, bring more, boy! Then the next day the weather looks brighter, Hamdan goes to the garden. He took 2 bohams of durian, but it was definitely for Hamdan, it turned out that the residents had stopped, then Hamdan was judged by the masses. "This is not all my desire, but my mother's wish" Hasan shouted in pain. His mother just kept quiet. "What about the citizens, do we continue this punishment" said a village chief. "Continue to teach him a lesson, to give up" Exclaimed residents.
His mother could only see that poor child judged by the masses. After the residents were satisfied vent their anger, then abandoned, and his mother hugged him. But Hamdan even hit the mother. His mother fell to the ground. "Why didn't you scold me when I first stole. This is the result, O God punishes mothers who do not love their children.
Interpretation Process After reading all the text above it can be found that, the story above has the theme of vigilantism, its background in a village where the social conditions are the poor and the rich. The story is played by Hasan, his mother, poor and rich people, and residents. The cause of the conflict is due to hunger and there is not enough money to buy food. Now, from the description above, it can be concluded that the sanecdote has the following meanings: Many rich people around us, but do not care about neighbors or poor people. Mistakes of mothers who do not advise their children when their children do bad things. Citizens who are vigilant.